THE ROLE OF TRIGGER FACTORS AND PREDICTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN THE ELDERLY (REVIEW OF LITERATURE)
The main markers of aging are changes in the biochemical profile, in particular, the level of glucose and the concentration of lipids and lipoproteins in the blood. Hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia are the main factors in the development of cardiovascular diseases, and therefore, the study of lipid profile and glucose levels in the elderly is of particular relevance. The review objective is to assess the glycemic status and evaluate the lipid profile in modern populations of people. The review presents data on the gender and age characteristics of the distribution of cholesterol, analyzes the reference values of laboratory parameters of the lipid profile and level for a group of elderly patients. According to the analysis, it is difficult to interpret the results of laboratory tests in the elderly, since international standards are accepted for a small number of indicators. The determination and use of reference intervals of different age groups can be useful to enhance better clinical interpretation of biochemical values in geriatric population.